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Archive for the 'Worksite' Category

Fall Protection Engineering And Design

Commercial and Industrial Workplaces

Fall protection engineering plays a role in the construction of any commercial or industrial workplace. As falls account for 14% of fatal workplace injuries and over 20% of disabling injuries, it behooves businesses to implement measures equal to or surpassing the standards established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The failure to meet fall protection standards is the second most common OSHA violation, just behind failures in scaffolding and general requirements.

 Workplace Provisions

Under OSHA workplace provisions, employers have a duty to provide fall protection in any situation offering a fall hazard. The provisions require an employer to ascertain the structural integrity and strength of any surface workers will walk or work upon, implement one of several appropriate options to protect against fall hazards, and provide workers with fall protection training.

The OSHA guidelines allow for a wide range of fall protection designs, depending on potential fall heights, the work being done on the at-risk surface, and other factors. Guardrail systems, personal fall arrest systems, and safety nets cover most needs. Other solutions include positioning devices, safety monitoring systems, and warning line systems. Some jobsites require additional measures, typically a combination of two or more systems.

Guardrails

Guardrails are the most common form of fall protection, and are found in almost every workplace. OSHA standards require toprails and midrails to be thick enough to prevent cuts, be at least 42 inches tall, and be capable of withstanding 200 pounds of force in any direction.

Personal fall arrest systems work by connecting a worker to an anchor point via a body harness. Anchorages, connectors, lifelines, and deceleration systems are all held to exact standards of engineering. All parts of the system must be capable of withstanding several thousand pounds of force, and the maximum distance of a free fall, and the force exerted during a fall, must not exceed certain levels.

Similar to personal fall arrest systems, positioning device systems attach workers to an anchor point via a body belt or harness. However, positioning device systems can only allow free falls of two feet or less. Engineering standards for dee-rings, snaphooks, and other connectors remain the same as for personal fall arrest systems.

Safety Net Systems

Safety net systems, installed as close as is practical beneath a work surface up to a maximum of thirty feet, catch workers in reinforced, frequently inspected nets. These nets must be capable of holding up to 5,000 pounds, must be inspected weekly, and must have mesh openings of less than 36 square inches. They must extend out beyond the furthest point of the work surface, with the extension minimum increasing the further below the surface the net begins.

Fall protection engineering companies offer design and consultation services for implementing these measures and others. Qualified firms can produce custom solutions for any jobsite and typically have a broad understanding of many applicable safety standards, such as those of OSHA, IWCA (International Window Cleaning Association), ANSI (American National Standards Institute), and ASSE (American Society of Safety Engineers). By working with a fall protection engineering firm, employers can be certain of their compliance with all standards despite any special considerations of their jobsite.

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Slobac is an expert in the professional business work of fall protection engineering and is familiar with the services that are provided. Slobac searches online DH and Glabe to get professional services at a reasonable price. Add Slobac on Google Plus.

Top Ten Construction Safety Standards To Live By

Safety Standard #1: Adhere to OSHA Rules

A lot accidents can occur at a construction site, which means executing and pressing safety rules should be the most important objective of all construction projects. For employers to accomplish this, they must adhere to the established regulations of the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA).

Safety Standard #2: Establish Site Safety Management

The utilization of site management and safe-site management can drastically improve safety awareness among the employees and will aid promoting a work site that is free of hazards and accidents, conducing to a productive and very efficient construction project.

Safety Standard #3: Protective Equipment is A Must

Safety equipment must be issued to employees by the employer to ensure the safety of human life. On the list of safety equipment are, but not limited to:

safety goggles
steel-toe boots
durable gloves
utility belt
coveralls
harness
proper face masks

Safety Standard #4: Have a Safe Place to Store Things

Break areas and rest areas are essential for the health of workers. Every work site should have a suitable place for workers to store food, beverages, and other items.

Safety Standard #5: Access to Clean Running Water

Per OSHA rules, employers are required to provide their worker with an area that has clean water for washing utensils, hands, and other objects. Moreover, the water must be suitable to drink without causing illness to those with access.

Safety Standard #6: Have a Place to Boil Water

There should be a space for workers to have access to that would allow them to boil water for sterilization purposes or food preparation. This aids in the cleanliness of the facility and promotes excellent sanitary practices.

Safety Standard #7: Must Have a Place to Eat Meals

In addition to having a place to store food and boil water, it is imperative that the employee allocate space for workers to sit and eat their meals. This space has to be out of harm’s way.

Safety Standard #8: Workers Need to Have Access to Restrooms

Employers must provide adequate access to restrooms with working toilets, or Port-A-Potty for waste management purposes. Restrooms must be well ventilated and have a door so workers can have privacy.

Safety Standard #9: Safety Precautions for Workers Above Ground

OSHA has established a set of rules for workers who operate at different heights. By installing equipment support systems, the employer will be providing safety measures to prevent any individual from falling to their death, in addition to lessening the severity of possible injuries.

Safety Standard #10: Guard Rails and Other Measures

Scaffold platform that incorporates a double guard rail must be used to prevent workers from falling from lethal heights. Safety nets in the construction site should be used to reducing the distance and impact of a fall, and drastically reducing injuries, casualties, and liability.

Home improvement and construction has always interested me and has led me to enjoy writing about everything that relates.

H2S knockdown encounter

I am a client of Allstar Enviro Safety. I told the instructor about my friend who was working in the Oil Sands as a Foreman Scaffolder. Two of his apprentices passed out due to exposure to H2S gas. Without getting respiratory protection, the foreman went to the aid of his fellow workers. Little did he know that they had already passed out from the Hydrogen sulphide exposure. He dragged these men to safety and passed out afterwards.

 

The foreman spend a lengthy time in the hospital getting better but was told by the physician that he may have taken 10-15 years off his life due to the H2S exposure!

 

Ryan Verboom Story told July 2014

Understanding Fall Protection Requirements in Alberta

Employers are often confused about the legal requirements for Fall protection planning and incorporating a system for working at heights in their workplace. Occupational Health and Safety Act, Regulation and Part 9 of the Code 2009 require extensive planning and personal protective equipment when workers are going to height.

 

The following information may assist the employer or their safety representatives when reviewing these requirements, keeping in mind that company and industry standards often surpass the minimum legal ones. READ MORE

Electronic Gas Monitors

Many industrial worksites produce atmospheric hazards that could put their employees and the environment at risk. Toxic environments such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide, and corrosive atmospheres like ammonia, chlorine and sulphur dioxide are common atmospheres that need monitoring to ensure that the legal limits are not exceeded. Other dangerous atmospheres in the petroleum, construction and manufacturing industries include oxygen deficiency and flammable or explosive environments.

 

In the Alberta Labour Code, employers are required to implement a WHMIS program to train employees about chemical hazards. Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System provides the exposure limits that employees must not exceed without engineering , administrative controls or personal protective gear. READ MORE

H2S – Safety Training to Protect Workers

 Hydrogen SulfideH2S Alive Training Course Calgary

H2S is one of the leading safety related concerns in the petroleum industry in Alberta.  In addition,  it is prevalent in pulp and paper mills, barges, sewer systems,  land fills, waste water treatment  facilities and pig farms.  As a result of its toxic and flammable characteristics,  emphasis has been placed on safety procedures when working around this naturally occurring gas.  Its main route of  entry is by inhalation which can lead to pulmonary edema, conjunctivitis of the eyes, respiratory problems,  and if  in enough concentration to a worker’s death.

Hydrogen sulfide gas  is colourless in nature and has a repulsive rotten-egg smell at smaller concentrations.  People become exposed to it when they inhale it, which can cause respiratory and cardiac failure.  Due to its corrosive properties, is also damaging to mucous membranes. It can form sulfuric acid on contact with sinus cavities and eyes . causing severe burns to human tissue . H2S is a secondary byproduct of many industrial processes but it is also generated when an organic matter decomposes.  Because it is a little denser than air it is particularly dangerous in confined spaces  or low-lying areas.  Examples of potential areas where it might accumulate are under the sub structure of a drilling rig or in the mud tanks.  In plants, it can depressurize from valves, seals, unions, thief hatches, sample valves, pipes or in high pressure buildings such as compressors, dehydrators, separators or treater units.   In temperatures of 260oC (500F) or even lower, hydrogen sulfide can exhibit explosive reactions.  Its flammable range is approximately 42%, with a lower explosive limit of only 4.3% when mixed with air. Static electricity and flammable vapours can result in ignition, so it is important to use intrinsically safe equipment when working near potential areas for the gas.

It is commonly called sewer gas , stink damp or sour gas or by its other spelling “hydrogen sulphide”.   Burning it can produce an even more explosive, toxic and corrosive gas, sulphur dioxide, which can be seen above flare stacks.   Both gases are serious environmental concerns and are closely monitored by environmental agencies.

It is a Deadly Poisonous

Hydrogen sulfide is extremely poisonous to carbon based life forms. When you breathe it in through your lungs, it enters into your bloodstream. In order for your body to protect itself, it strives to break the gas down very quickly into a non-harmful compound. Poisoning of the blood begins when the rate at which the gas is absorbed becomes higher than the rate at which it is removed from the blood. It is a nerve gas, classified as a chemical axphiant, causing respiratory failure in low does.

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Construction Site Safety

Construction of any building involves massive undertakings by numerous labourers.  Normally, construction sites have hundreds of workers using heavy machineries and equipment. The building materials used in the construction, such as sand, cement, and stones, are bulky and voluminous. Construction is both daunting and strenuous, and it also involves a lot of risk. This is because accidents can occur unexpectedly in the construction sites. Such accidents may be fatal or cause disability to the victims. For this reason, precautionary measures to ensure that a site safety is provisioned should be employed.

In the past years, numerous workers have lost their lives as a result of falling off from ladders and scaffolds (Quinn 2006). To avoid such accidents, all labourers should be offered sufficient training on handling weights during construction. They should be taught how to formulate their weights and determine how much a scaffold or a ladder can hold. Also as a precaution, all ladders and scaffolds should be thoroughly inspected for any weakness before a construction shift commences. All builders should be aware of the dangers involved in walking on unsecured shingles and rooftops. Workers in a site should follow the OSHA rules during guard rails installation in a building site. A net should also be placed below the supports as a security in the event of a contingency.

Accidents in the work place can also occur as a result of exposure to dangerous chemicals. All toxic materials must be properly safeguarded during construction so as not to endanger the lives of workers. If poorly handled, they may also affect the lives of residents of a building upon completion. Builders who work across bridges and tunnels are highly exposed to lead. If no protective gear is used during these constructions, they may develop serious respiratory systems complications. Their lungs and eyes may also be affected. Prolonged exposure to lead or asbestos can cause cancer to the workers. For this reason, protective clothing must be worn at all times during constructions. The clothing may entail breathing masks, and protective gloves.

Other protective gear that should be used in these sites includes hard hats and vests with reflective strips. The hats protect major injuries on the heads from falling debris in the buildings under construction. Goggles are important for protecting the eyes from dust and debris. Signs are beneficial in a construction site. They tend to remind people to observe rules and regulations placed by management in a construction environment when entering the site. They make passers-by aware of the imminent danger that can arise while construction. This way, they can stay alert and cautious when walking besides a building site. This way, they reduce the chances of accidents which may cause serious injuries to people.

All in all, the fact prevails that building sites pose a lot of danger to constructionists. There are numerous measures that can be used to enhance safety in these places. All individuals should be conscious about their safety in the sites. This way, serious accidents may not occur to them.
Reference

James Rowland writes on topics keeping you safe from accidents at work.

Employers Should Always Provide Good Safety Equipment Training To Their Workers

Owning quality safety harnesses and straps are absolutely vital if you are an employer that employs individuals that work at heights high above the ground. In the construction industry alone, the majority of construction workers spend many hours suspended high in the air, performing various tasks that require them to be securely strapped into different safety devices. As an employer, it is absolutely critical that you provide high-quality safety equipment to your employees at all times. It is also critical that each one of your employees knows exactly how the equipment works, because it can mean all the difference in the world.

Safety equipment training for employees should always be a big part of any company. While it is of course great to provide quality safety equipment to all of your workers, it will only be useful if your workers know exactly how to use such equipment in the proper manner. This is why safety equipment training for your employees should be an absolute must for your company. Your employees need to know exactly how each individual safety equipment item works before they try to use it. This is especially the case for workers that spend the majority of their time suspended high in the air. It is absolutely vital that they know how each item of safety equipment works, and that they receive the proper training in order to ensure that they do. Here are some good tips for when it comes to training your workers as it pertains to the proper use of safety equipment:

  • Make sure that each individual employee has been properly trained
  • Ensure that each employee knows exactly how to use every piece of safety equipment you offer
  • Teach employees how to properly inspect equipment to make sure that it will work without fail when they go to use it
  • Make sure that workers never try to misuse any safety equipment item

Other factors to take into account as it pertains to safety equipment training:

There are some other factors that you should always consider when training your employees on how to properly use the safety equipment that you provide to them. The first is to make sure that none of your employees ever tries to alter or change the way that a certain item of safety equipment is used. All safety equipment items are designed and manufactured for a specific purpose, and must always be used to serve that exact purpose. Do not ever try to use a piece of safety equipment in a way that it was not specifically designed and manufactured for.

It is also vital that your workers know that proper emergency procedures should something ever go wrong while using safety equipment. Accidents can happen, even when the best safety equipment items are being properly used, so make sure a part of your safety equipment training program for employees deals with exactly how to respond to any emergencies that may arise. This is something that you will certainly want to do, and also something that should always be a part of any safety equipment training that you directly provide to your workers.

William Neijer is a content creator and writer for Safety Company, a safety and emergency supply company.

Legal Requirements of First Aid in Alberta

Many employers are not familiar with their legal responsibilities under Alberta legislation.  Often employees do not understand their rights should they suffer an acute or chronic incident that requires first aid. These Acts and parts of Alberta legislation provide a good summary of legislation for your perusal:

 

WORKPLACE FIRST AIDERS AND LEGAL REQUIREMENTS OF FIRST AID IN ALBERTA

 

Alberta legislation outlines the requirements of relevant sections for worksite first aiders. Those that are responsible for providing first aid services at a worksite must understand their legal requirements. READ MORE